Publishing, Archiving, and Indexing

ENQ operates on Open Journal Systems (OJS), an online platform established specifically for scholarly research and conforming to international research protocols. This provides effective indexing both on generic search engines and institutional databases. ENQ is a member of the Open Archives Initiative (OAI) that promotes interoperability standards for the dissemination of content. All versions of all articles that have passed peer review will be archived in Scopus, Google Scholar, OAIster, Avery Index and Worldcat.


Open Access

This journal provides immediate open access to its content on the principle that making research freely available to the public supports a greater global exchange of knowledge. There are no fees involved for authors nor any fiscal influence applied to the submission, selection or publication of articles. ENQ and the ARCC are committed to the permanent availability and preservation of scholarly research through partnering with organizations for a third party archive and to maintain its own digital archive. 


Permanency of content

All articles published in ENQ receive a DOI and are permanently published. ENQ participants in Crossmark by Crossref. Crossmark is an initiative to provide a standard way for readers to locate the current version of a piece of content. By applying the Crossmark button, ENQ is committing to maintaining the content it publishes, and to alerting readers to changes if and when they occur.

Clicking on the Crossmark button on each article page will tell you the current status of a document, and may also give you additional publication record information about the document.


Correction to an Article

Articles are corrected for two reasons. First, minor grammatical errors are correct when discovered to maintain the highest quality in academic writing.  Second, should an author uncover information that reveals an error in the original article, the author may amend their article to address the new knowledge. Corrections and changes relative to the previous version are always summarized in the ‘Amendments’ section at the start of a new version.



Articles may be retracted for several reasons, including:

  • honest errors reported by the authors (for example, errors due to the mixing up of samples or use of a scientific tool or equipment that is found subsequently to be faulty)
  • research misconduct (data fabrication)
  • duplicate or overlapping publication
  • fraudulent use of data
  • clear plagiarism
  • unethical research

When an article is retracted, a retraction notice will replace the article PDF. An article is usually only retracted at the authors’ request or by the publisher in response to an institutional investigation. The content of a retracted article should not be published elsewhere and the retracted article is not considered ‘unpublished’ or ‘withdrawn’. The reasons for retraction are usually so serious that the whole study, or large parts of it, are not appropriate for inclusion in the scientific literature anywhere.