A Preliminary Study of the Architektonischer Garten as a Post-perspectival Concept
This paper examines the concept of architektonischer Garten, an understudied idea that came to define early modern architecture. Presented as a brief examination of its historical transformation from a garden design approach to a spatial configuration model, this paper reinterprets the history of this concept with a focus on the relationship between the man, the house, and its surrounding gardens. Starting from offering a long-overdue definition of the architektonischer Garten concept, this paper explains the formation and development of this concept by studying the corresponding contribution of Hermann Muthesius and Mies van der Rohe, arguing that the sense of space evoked by the architektonischer Garten is, through offering a self-exceeding mode of experience, “circumstantial” and “holistic.” Further, the architektonischer Garten can be understood as the key spatial concept that characterized the post-perspectival age, by virtue of our perception of spatial depth, capable of forming an integral whole consists of the perceiving subject and the perceived world, which includes both indoor space and outdoor topography.
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