La Ville du Bien-Être Collectif
A prototype sustainable community for disadvantaged Caribbean regions
ABSTRACT: Objectives: To provide a strategic framework for the utilization of under developed rural land with the intent of enhancing the economy, creating work opportunities, and strengthening the general wellbeing of the population. The goal is to provide a community infrastructure that allows for equal access to resources and opportunities for each citizen. Methodology: The development of a master plan for the community of Gressier Haiti, a coastal town near the capitol Portau- Prince. La Ville du Bien-Être Collectif is distinctive in the way it responds to the community development goals of the Haitian government in a single unified plan. The plan’s transformative approach is designed to overcome the extensive economic and social problems of the country. The organizing principles are founded on reconstructing the economy, re-growing the middle class, stabilizing the physical context, and reducing the impact of natural disasters. The primary economic driver of the community is the defining of an educational and commercial center focused on value-added agriculture. A vocational college is at the core of the center with a social agenda to educate a new generation of agro-entrepreneurs in techniques leading to improved crop production through sustainable practices. Achieved outcomes: The master plan is organized around a compact center surrounded by residential neighborhoods and a buffer of green agricultural fields. The neighborhoods, oriented towards middle-income inhabitants, are developed at a pedestrian scale and each have a social communal core. The entire community responds to the natural environmental conditions and is supported by sustainable practices which promote selfsufficiency. The master plan presents successful strategies to expand the middle class in the current socioeconomic conditions of Haiti. It is capable of adaptation to other sites and has the potential to be transferred as an innovative planning technique throughout the Caribbean.
KEYWORDS: sustainable, community, prototype, reconstruct, re-grow
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